Stock Exchange

Operating Stock Exchanges in India

Operating Commodity Exchange in India

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) - Today, BSE has the largest number of listed companies in the world and the number is more than five thousand. Although the volume of share trading is quite less, the listing of companies speaks of the overall outreach of BSE as also the Sensex i.e. the S&P BSE Sensex is the most widely check the index in India. In terms of operational settings, BSE hosts a range of operations – from general equities, indices, Mutual Funds, Initial Public Offerings, corporate bonds (debt), general debt, commodity derivatives, equity derivatives and currency derivatives. In addition to these core services, there are various ranges of operations offered by BSE as well, which include settlement services, risk management, education of investors etc. This gives a broad idea of the whole gambit of operations and activities that BSE is actively engaged in. 

National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE) - is the leading stock exchange of India, located in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It is under the ownership of Ministry of Finance , Government of India. It is under the ownership of Some leading financial institutions, Banks, and Insurance companies. NSE was established in 1992 as the first dematerialized electronic exchange in the country. NSE was the first exchange in the country to provide a modern, fully automated screen-based electronic trading system that offered easy trading facilities to investors spread across the length and breadth of the country. Vikram Limaye is Managing Director & Chief Executive Officer of NSE.

National Stock Exchange has a total market capitalization of more than US$3 trillion, making it the world's 10th-largest stock exchange as of May 2021. NSE's flagship index, the NIFTY 50, a 50 stock index is used extensively by investors in India and around the world as a barometer of the Indian capital market. The NIFTY 50 index was launched in 1996 by NSE. However, Vaidyanathan (2016) estimates that only about 4% of the Indian economy / GDP is actually derived from the stock exchanges in India.

Unlike countries like the United States where nearly 70% of the country's GDP is derived from large companies in the corporate sector, the corporate sector in India accounts for only 12-14% of the national GDP (as of October 2016). Of these only 7,800 companies are listed of which only 4000 trade on the stock exchanges at BSE and NSE. Hence the stocks trading at the BSE and NSE account for only around 4% of the Indian economy, which derives most of its income-related activity from the so-called unorganized sector and household spending.

Economic Times estimates that as of April 2018, 6 crore (60 million) retail investors had invested their savings in stocks in India, either through direct purchases of equities or through mutual funds. Earlier, the Bimal Jalan Committee report estimated that barely 1.3% of India's population invested in the stock market, as compared to 27% in the United States and 10% in China.