Needle Work


Needlework is a broad term for the handicrafts of decorative stitching and textile arts. Anything that uses needle for construction is known as needlework. Needle work is exclusive; it has lovely names due to its associations with stunning aspects of life and also the stunning styles.

1.Chikan Embroidery

The craft of Chikan work, usually cited as Lucknow Chicken, is over 400 years old with a firm presence within the Indian and world fashion arena. The technique of its creation is named Chicken and its distinctive sensibility flaunts grace and magnificence as subtly as the user pleases.

While the word Chicken quite virtually suggests that embroidery, the variety incorporates about thirty six totally different sewing techniques. Whereas its central hub and place of origin is Lucknow. Chicken work has unfold so much and wide inside Republic of India, with province and Awadh additionally specializing in its production. In chikan, the needle is control within the right hand while inserting it into the material; the left hand supports and controls the thread so the stitches take the correct form. In ancient chikan no frames were used (though they're used now); the portion of the material to be embroidered is placed over the index of the hand, supported by the rest of the fingers, leaving the thumb free. The needle is force away from the needle worker who starts from the closest finish and finished at the farthest finish. Get acquainted with Indian Chikan embroidery work in the following:

1. Chikan salwar kameez

2. Chikan Shirts and Kurtas

3. Chikan Home Furnishings

4. Chikan saree

Chikan salwar kameez

Chikan trousers kameez are available in form of colors, styles and patterns. Form of chikankari works is available currently like murri, shadow and phanda, tepchi and daraz etc. Chicken salwar tunic is on the market with significant embroidered and light embroidered provides a very sleek look and can be worn according to occasions. Unstitched trousers suits and Kurtas are on the market in varied colours and materials which can be worn with an identical churidar.

Chikan decorated Shirts and Kurtas

 chikan decorated kurtas and shirts are specially designed for men which can be worn in all kinds of occasions. Specially appropriate for summer, these chikan shirts and kurtas are available in fine cotton material with ancient chikan embroidery of various varieties like Aipchi, Bakhia, Phunda, Murri, Jaali, Hathkati, Pechni, Ghas Patti, Chaana Patti etc. whatever the style, length, design, color, there's one thing in chikan embroidery that provides a sleek and stylish look to anyone who wears any dress with chikan decorated work on that.

Chikan Home Furnishings

Today chikan embroidery has become so in style that it's extended to home furnishings also. There are certain exclusive creations using Chikan add home furnishings like Cushion covers, bed Covers, bed Sheets, table material, pillow covers ,napkins ,curtains ,place Mats The fabric used for home furnishings are cotton, mulmul, voile, fabric and even silk. Chikan work home furnishings is ethnic, ancient and yet fashionable in its look.

Chikan saree

Saree is each Indian woman's desire of excellent attire, which stays forever within the fashion scene and provides a classy, feminine, sleek and stylish look to any woman. Chikan dress offers a really pure quiet comfort and might be worn in festal occasions likewise as a daily wear. It’s on the market altogether shades of colors however the foremost favored ones are the light pastel shade colors. Chikan sarees in fabric, organza, polyester, chiffon, viscose, georgette, polyester fabric, cotton crepe also are on the market.

2.Crewel Embroidery

Crewel embroidery is a form of surface embroidery using wool. Crewel work is crewel work because it's worked in crewel wool that could be a strong, long thread spun from wool. Crewel embroidery, the materials utilized in crewel work and the forms of stitches common to the present fashionable type of hand embroidery. Style of embroidery threads appropriate for crewel work on the market on the market, from ancient Appleton wool to exceptionally sleek domestic sheep wools that are a delight to sew with, to hand-spun wools artificial with natural vegetable dyes, to wool blends mixed with different fibers like silk, alpaca, mohair, and therefore the like. Traditionally, crewel embroidery is worked on linen, either in a weave or a daily weave. In trendy crewel work, materials like wool, jute, silk, cotton and blends (and typically even synthetics) can be used as ground fabrics.

 In crewel embroidery, stitch is used to hide tiny spans of house requiring a solid filling. Once operating plain stitch by itself, it is important that the house coated isn't overlarge, as a result of the stitches will loosen over time. The base materials utilized in crewel embroidery are durable and tightly woven, so that they will bear the load of the crewel yarn without sagging. The technique additionally needs a frame to secure the realm of the material being worked on, keeping the strain of the material tight in order that the stitches won't be distorted. Crewel needles are very sharp, as they have to be ready to penetrate dense, thick material. They even have elongated eyes that are supposed to facilitate threading, since thread colors in embroidery are typically switched, and craftspeople don't need to fight with their needles crewel embroidery is that the work of a proficient craftsperson, even once the bottom pattern is intended and applied by somebody else. The craftsman should be ready to produce sleek, clean stitches, employing a style of designs to feature texture and shading to the piece.

3. Applique Work

An appliqué is decorative needlework during which items of cloth ar sewed or stuck onto a bigger piece to create an image or pattern. this method is incredibly common in some styles of textile, however could also be applied to several materials. Within the context of ceramics, for instance, an appliqué could be a separate piece of clay extra to the first work, usually for the aim of decoration. The biggest variety of appliqué craftsmen are focused in Pipli, there are quite an few in Puri and extremely tiny numbers in Khallikote, Parlakhemundi and Boudh areas additionally. The appliqué things are chiefly used throughout processions of the deities in their varied ritual outings. Things like Chhati, Tarasa and Chandua are used for the aim. The craft is historically experienced by a caste of skilled tailors, referred to as 'Darjis. The essential material for appliqué is textile. This lovely craft is sometimes practiced on dazzling red, purple, black, yellow, green and white material.

The craftsman initial prepares the bottom material within the form of sq., rectangle, and circle or oval that forms the background for the items of art. Appliqué motifs in different colors are then cut within the form of animals, birds, flowers, leaves, celestial bodies and geometric shapes then sewed onto the bottom textile in aesthetic arrangements. Nowadays, tiny mirrors and bright metal items are used to enhance its beauty. The traditional appliqué from Punjab is termed phulkari. In Andhra Pradesh, the blouses and headscarves worn by the Banjara tribal ladies don't seem to be solely decorated however additionally decorated with appliqué and mirror work. Rajasthan is additionally identified for its unique appliqué or gota, that is formed by stitching edges of zari ribbon onto material, to form elaborate patterns. Khandela in Shekhawati is best identified for manufacturing this stuff.

4. Mirror Embroidery

 Mirror-Embroidery is a form of embroidery that attaches little pieces of mirrors mirror metal to fabric. particularly the dry desert sands and sunny areas of India, comprising of components of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi, sport strong colors and sheesha add most of their clothes, accessories and home furnishing product. In India, sheesha or mirror is on the market during a variety of shapes as well as spherical, square, triangular or two-dimensional figure. Mirror worked clothes, bags, bedspreads, wall hangings, cushion covers, etc are in nice demand all over the world. Specifically Gujarati embroidery is incorporating the sheesha or the mirror. It’s used by the Jats of Banni. They cut the glass into totally different shapes and embroider it in the cloth. In Kathi embroidery the mirrors are used for eyes of birds and center of flowers. Mirror work is done on any cloth in sarees, blouse items, skirts etc. whether in home or workplace, party of picnic, in school or with colleagues – sheesha work clothes, home furnishing and accessories from India are a requirement for all people who like to look sensible and feel smart.

5.   Kantha Embroidery

Kantha, a well-liked variety of embroidery that comes from west bengal, is a important image that displays the ability and talent of the rural ladies in Bengal. Kantha work involves advanced creative work done by the weavers with the mix of exquisite embroidery in decorative stitch. the normal work on the Kantha saris in the style of floral motifs, animals and birds figures and geometric shapes appearance surprisingly fabulous. nowadays this sort of embroidery is found on shawls, pillow covers, dupattas, and home furnishings as well.

There are seven differing kinds of Kantha. 1st is the 'Archilata Kantha' that involves the good mirror work with the wide, ornamental borders. The other is the 'Baiton Kantha', that are square wraps used for covering the books and valuables. the most noted is that the 'Lep Kantha' that ar rectangular wraps, used to cover the quilts. Then there's 'Oaar Kantha', found within the pillow covers in easy styles on which an ornamental border is really sewed later.Not less competitive is that the 'Sujani Kantha', the thick Kantha used as blankets on the special occasions. Last but not the smallest amount is the 'Rumal Kantha' that are used because the medicinal drug wipes or plate coverings .Renowned fashion designers in India acting on western designs and fashions, still build nice use of the ethnic traditions and their styles usually depict the made embroidery work of the sooner craftsmen, celebrating Indian textile tradition.

6.   Phulkari

Phulkari embroidery is peculiar to Punjab. Phulkari literally means that flower craft. Baugh, which implies garden, is a Phulkari in which the whole surface is richly decorated by a continual connected style with skillful manipulation of the mending or stitch. Simple and sparsely decorated odini (head scarfs), dupatta and shawls, created for everyday use, are known as Phulkaris, whereas clothes that cover the whole body, created for special and ceremonial occasions like weddings and birth of a son, totally coated cloth is termed Baghs. Bright colors were invariably most popular and among these, golden yellow, red, crimson, orange, green, blue, pink etc, were the favored ones the sweetness of Phulkari depended a good deal on the color of the bottom material. Textile fabric that was hand spun and hand woven cotton material, was invariably used for embroidery. The sew craft of Phulkari consists long short fixture stitches. It's a unique technique of embroidery in this it's worked entirely on the incorrect aspect of the material and also the pattern takes form on the proper aspect. There ar many varieties of Phulkari. The 'Chope' and 'Suber' were wedding Phulkar conferred to bride by her maternal relations throughout the wedding ceremony. The plain red / dark red khaddar scarf referred to as 'Saloo' was used for daily family wear. 'Til Patra' shawls have little embroidery and are inferior quality textile. 'Nilak' is worked on black or blue khaddar with yellow and crimson red pat. The Punjab Government's sales outlet, Phulkari, boasts of the most effective collection of this form of embroidery in the country.