Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. According to the United Nations, as of 2018, Mumbai is the most populous city in the country and the seventh-most populous city in the world with a population of roughly 20 million.
Mumbai is located on the west coast of the state of Maharashtra. Crowned as the largest city of India, this vibrant city is spread over an area of about 437 square kilometers and is located just 14 m above the sea level. Due to its moderate location, the climate of this city can be specified a tropical one with wet and dry summers and cool pleasant winters. Mumbai is a compilation of seven islands and is named after the Koli goddess, Mumbadevi. Apart from being the state capital, the city of Mumbai is also the commercial capital of India. According to a survey, Mumbai is tagged as the richest city of India with highest GDP in Asia. The city serves as the home for significant financial institutions, such as the Reserve Bank of India, the Bombay Stock Exchange, and the National Stock Exchange of India. The corporate headquarters of numerous Indian and multinational corporations are also located herein.
Mumbai is the most populous city in India and it has the highest number of millionaires and billionaires among all cities in India. Mumbai is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Elephanta Caves, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, and the city's distinctive ensemble of Victorian and Art Deco buildings. See Places to Visit for more.
The seven islands that constitute Mumbai were originally home to communities of Marathi language speaking Koli people. For centuries, the islands were under the control of successive indigenous empires before being ceded to the Portuguese Empire and subsequently to the East India Company when in 1661 Charles II of England married Catherine of Braganza and as part of her dowry Charles received the ports of Tangier and Seven Islands of Bombay.
During the mid-18th century, Bombay was reshaped by the Hornby Vellard project, which undertook reclamation of the area between the seven islands from the sea. Along with construction of major roads and railways, the reclamation project, completed in 1845, transformed Bombay into a major seaport on the Arabian Sea. Bombay in the 19th century was characterised by economic and educational development.
Mumbai is the financial, commercial, and the entertainment capital of India. It is also one of the world's top ten centres of commerce in terms of global financial flow, generating 6.16% of India's GDP, and accounting for 25% of industrial output, 70% of maritime trade in India and 70% of capital transactions to India's economy.
Apart from the commercial significance, Mumbai is a major entertainment center of India, being home to Bollywood; India’s Hindi film industry. Turn the pages of history and you would know that this cosmopolitan city has a strong historic background as well. The islands of this city have been ruled by Portuguese and British East India Company, whose influence can be seen in its architecture and culture as well. Mumbai has a deep natural harbor, which is why it was re-developed as a chief trading town by British Raj, with various engineering projects in 18th century. The city also played a pivotal role in Indian Independence, marked by major events like the Quit India Movement in 1942 and The Royal Indian Navy Mutiny in the year 1946.
Mumbai is known for its everlasting spirit, which can be seen almost everywhere in the city. Whether you are traveling in a local train in the wee hours of the morning or working late at night in a multinational office, the spirit of the city is sure to engulf you. This is one of the reasons as to why Mumbai is popularly known as ‘the city which never sleeps’. Being a commercial and entertainment centre of India, the city has an amazing amalgamation of people from different cultures, ethnicity and sects which makes it one of the best cities to live in and grow. With many tourist attractions like Gateway of India, Sidhhivinayak Temple, Mahalakshmi Temple, Juhu Beach and Marine Drive by its side, Mumbai city has proved to be a potential tourist destination and is thus, visited by thousands of tourists every month.